About the Knee
The knee is a hinge joint comprising articulations between the femur, tibia, and patella (knee cap). Ligaments in the knee such as the ACL, PCL, MCL and LCL help to stabilize the knee in all planes of motion. The joint itself contains cartilage and the meniscus. Injuries to any of these structures can cause pain, instability, or obstruct motion in the knee. It is crucial to seek medical advice after an injury to rule out any significant pathology that can cause long-term damage. Clinical examination is an important first step followed by further work up with xrays and potentially an MRI. When possible the injury is treated conservatively but often knee injuries necessitate surgery. Dr. Andrachuk has helped to develop new arthroscopic techniques in the treatment of knee ligament injuries and has extensive experience in treating the complete array of knee pathologies.