About the Shoulder
The shoulder is similar to the hip in that it is also a ball and socket joint. The humeral head comprises the ball and the glenoid, part of the shoulder blade, makes up the socket. The socket portion of the joint is much more shallow which allows greater range of motion through the joint but also puts much greater stress on the soft tissues. These include the static stabilizers of the joint which insert onto the labrum and the dynamic stabilizers such as the rotator cuff. Shoulder pain can be a result of injury to any of these structures or even injuries to other areas around the shoulder such as the acromioclavicular (AC) joint, bicep or pectoralis tendon. The clinical examination is crucial in identifying the problem areas in the joint. Often they respond to conservative treatment such as physical therapy and injections but may require surgical intervention. Dr. Andrachuk, an Atlanta-based orthopedic surgeon, has extensive experience in the treatment of shoulder pathology using the latest arthroscopic and minimally invasive techniques.